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Ontario’s life sciences organizations generates $40 billion in annual revenue

Ontario life science industries play a big role in the provincial economy. Companies in the agricultural, pharmaceutical, medical equipment and medical research sectors employ around 83,000 people in Ontario and generates near $40 billion in annual revenues, a new report from Life Sciences Ontario (LSO) shows. However, challenges still needs to be addressed such as the […]

Human activity linked to blue-green algaes bloom in lakes since 1945

Human activity is the primary cause of blue-green algae bloom in lakes in Canada and across the world since 1945, a new study shows. Researchers have found that blooms of one type of harmful algae, called cyanobacteria or blue-green algae, have increased disproportionately over the past two centuries relative to other species, with the greatest […]

How often do you catch the flu?

Adults only catch the flu about twice every 10 years, according to a new study. The researchers looked at antibody levels in 150 people from Southern China against nine influenza strains from 1968 to 2009. They found that while children get flu on average every other year, infections become less frequent as people get older. […]

Prestigious science award for women goes to UofT professor

Molly S. Shoichet, a professor of chemical engineering from the University of Toronto, has won the 2015 L’Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Awards for North Americ. Dr.Shoichet received the award “for her pioneering work on the regeneration of nerve tissue and for the development of a new method to deliver drugs to the spinal cord […]

Rent supplements help homeless people, but only part of solution

Offering supportive housing using rent supplements and case management services helped homeless adults with mental illness stay housed, a new study shows. However, these additional services did not improve their quality of life determined by a health questionnaire assessing mobility, pain, anxiety/depression and self-care. Researchers followed 1,198 homeless adults with mental illnesses in Vancouver, Winnipeg, […]

The Green Hermit Hummingbird (Phaethornis guy) has a specilized bill, which signals to the plant to begin producing larger quantities of pollen.(Image credit: Eric Chan, Wikimedia Commons)

Pollinator-recognition in plants

Researchers have shown that a plant can discriminate among its pollinators. The plant, Heliconia tortuosa, produced 5.7 times as much pollen when it was visited by particular species of hummingbirds than other species or insects. The researchers suggest this ability enables the plant to maximize its reproductive strategy as the favoured hummingbirds travel greater distances, […]

The galaxy A1689-zD1 is located in the box although it is still so faint that it is barely seen in this picture. Until now astronomers were worried that such distant galaxies would not be detectable using the currently available equipment. (Image courtesy of NASA; ESA; L. Bradley (Johns Hopkins University); R. Bouwens (University of California, Santa Cruz); H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University); and G. Illingworth (University of California, Santa Cruz))

Changing when stars were formed

A galaxy from the early universe is providing new insight on the formation of stars. Researchers have found one of the youngest and most remote galaxies, estimated to have formed when the Universe was approximately 700 million years old. The astronomers believe the galaxy has either been consistently forming stars at a moderate rate since […]

The bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) may be able to create false memories over time in a fashion similar to people. (Image credit: Marko Kivelä, flickr.com)

Bumblebees may have false memories

People are known to have false memories where they remember experiences that never occurred. Can these errors also occur in animals? Researchers have found that bumblebees may be capable of creating false memories. The researchers made this observation by training bumblebees to expect a reward  from either a solid coloured flower or a patterned one. […]

Machine intelligence beats classic video games

A new artificial intelligence program learned how to play 49 classic arcade video games (such as Pong, Breakout, Space Invaders and Asteroids) when given only minimal information, a new study shows. The program was able to surpass the performance of all previous algorithms and outperformed a professional human games tester in a majority of the […]

Buffalo Pound Lake near Moose Jaw in Saskatchewan. (Credit: jlongland, flickr.com)

Boreal hard water lakes could become carbon sink

Hard water lakes such as the Buffalo Pound Lake in Saskatchewan, are common in the Prairie provinces. Boreal lakes normally emit greenhouse gases with the breakdown of organic matter. New research shows that atmospheric warming could transform these lakes into carbon sinks. This study contradicts the general assumption that global warming will invariably increase CO2 emissions from […]

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